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Paintball is defined as a game in which players on one team seek to eliminate those on an opposing team by marking them with a water-soluble dye shot in capsules from air guns.
Paintball is a sport in which players compete, in teams or individually, to eliminate opponents by tagging them with capsules containing water-soluble dye and featuring a gelatin outer shell (referred to as paintballs) propelled from a device called a paintball marker (commonly referred to as a paintball gun). Paintballs are composed of a non-toxic, biodegradable, water-soluble polymer. The game is regularly played at a sporting level with organized competition involving major tournaments, professional teams, and players.Paintball technology is also used by military forces, law enforcement, para-military and security organizations to supplement military training, as well as playing a role in riot response, and non-lethal suppression of dangerous suspects.
Games can be played on indoor or outdoor fields of varying sizes. A game field is scattered with natural or artificial terrain, which players use for tactical cover. Game types in paintball vary, but can include capture the flag, elimination, ammunition limits, defending or attacking a particular point or area, or capturing objects of interest hidden in the playing area. Depending on the variant played, games can last from seconds to hours, or even days in scenario play. The most commonly played game in paintball is speedball. Speedball is where the players play on a field full of inflatable bunkers. The games are usually rather fast, lasting an average of 2 to 3 minutes
The legality of paintball varies among countries and regions. In most areas where regulated play is offered, players are required to wear protective masks, and game rules are strictly enforced. Masks are not required in the staging area.
Paintball was first played on June 27, 1981. 12 players were invited to play what was then called "The Survival Game" at a field. The objective was to campure four colored flags in a wooded field without being tagged by a competator using an air powered pistol shooting paint pellets. The first paintballs were created by the Nelson Paint Company (1950s) for forestry service use in marking trees from a distance, and were also used by cattlemen to mark cows. The players were Lionell Atwill, Ken BArrett, Bob Carlson, Joe Drinon, Charles Gaines, Jerome Gary, Robert Gurnsey, Bob Jones, Hayes Noel, Carl Sandqust, Ronnie Skimkins, and Richie White. The resident of New Hampshire, Richie White had won the first ever soon to be paintball game.
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