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The word Kami comes from the word god, spirits, or divinity. The word kaze is translated into "Wind". Therefore Kamikaze means "divine wind". Kamikaze's deliberately crashed bomb ladened planes into Allied warships. They would pack a lot of explosives into there planes such as bombs, torpedoes, and fuel tanks. In total Kamikaze's lauched 2,400 attacks on allies; 26 warships were sunk; 164 severe damages to others. This technique of aerial warfare failed to halt allied advance, and showed how far they were willing to go before surrender. This helped in decision of dropping the atomic bomb, because they would never surrender unless something drastic was done. Doing this for your country was thought to be honorable, the Samurai way of life, or Bushido Code which expressed loyalty.

Prior to Kamikaze units, Japanese pilots might crash airplane in last effort if they were damaged, or ran out of fuel. But at that point and time it was an individual decision. Before the attack on Pearl Harbor, Lieutenant Fusata Lida told his fellow pilots that if his plane were to get damaged he would crash it into a “worthy enemy target”. His plane was hit and leaking fuel, and he deliberately crashed it into the Kaneohe Naval Air Station. Kamikaze units officially started during the invasion of the Philippines, on the United States Navy in 1944. Lt. Yukio Keki had led a group of Zero fighters and designated them to be kamikazes. This major offensive proved to be the most successful kamikaze attack of the war. After that they made special kamikaze units and they were called “Special Attack Squads”

    Kamikazis prior to takeoff